Should We Be Scared Of AI?
AI is altering the job market…
- Machines outperform humans in a growing list of cognitive tasks.
- Repetitive tasks are most exposed (even complex ones, like medical diagnosis or financial analysis).
- Entire industries are on the verge of disruption (example: truck-based transportation, first employer in the U.S.).
… For better or worse
- Net impact of AI on job quantity is unknown.
- Most jobs will be transformed, not replaced by AI.
- Boring and repetitive stuff will be automated.
- AI will add new insight to help human decision.
- Human/machine interactions will multiply.
- Their quality will be a key factor of performance for organizations.
Real or fake?
AGI is very far away
- Current AI systems are weak: highly tuned to perform well in one task.
- Artificial General Intelligence a.k.a. strong AI, the ability to perform any task as well as a human, is out of reach.
The intelligence debate
- Despite their complexity, ML and DL algorithms can be viewed as merely curve fitting.
- On the contrary, some AI researchers envision DL as a new form of algorithmic reasoning, somehow mimicking the human brain.
The human brain is a masterpiece
- Approx. 86 billions neurons in 1.4 kg.
- Typical energy consumption: 20 W (!)
- So much of it is still unknown.
Babies are outstanding learners